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Vem gör vad? Charles Edquist

Charles Edquist

Namn: Charles Edquist

Titel/tjänst: Professor

Universitet/högskola/organisation: Lunds universitet

Institution/avdelning: Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy

E-postadress: Charles.Edquist[at]circle.lu.se

Webbsida: www.charlesedquist.com

Aktuella projekt:
  1. I have been the Holder of the Ruben Rausing Chair in Innovation Research at CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden, since February 2003 and have previously held a Chair at the University of Linköping. My publications include books and articles on innovation processes, innovation systems and innovation policy. Of these, the edited volumes “Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations” (1997), “Small Country Innovation Systems: Globalization, Change and Policy in Asia and Europe” (2008; in 2012 also in Chinese), and my latest “Public Procurement for Innovation” (2015) constitute contributions to the development of the so-called Systems of Innovation (SI) Approach. So does the chapter “Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges” (2005), in the Oxford Handbook of Innovation.
  2. I have made many contributions to the field of innovation policy and governance of innovation systems, the latest being articles in Science and Public Policy (2015) and R & D Management (2015). That I am among the 50 (or so) most cited innovation researchers (out of 6 – 7 000) in the world is testimony to the impact of my research. My most cited book is on public procurement for innovation. I was given the award for best paper for “Competence Building: A Systemic Approach to Innovation Policy” at the Atlanta Conference of Science & Innovation Policy, Georgia, USA, 26-28 September 2013.
  3. I have had comprehensive international experience acquired from longer stays at various universities, a large number of appearances as keynote speaker and sejours as a consultant in many countries. A considerable number of the conferences have involved public policy-makers, academics and representatives of firms. I have been engaged in comprehensive evaluations of “technology bridging” organizations (in Linköping, Sweden, 1999) and systems, including the Finnish National Innovation System for the Finnish Government in 2009; as well as consultancy tasks on almost all the continents, collaborating with numerous international organizations such as OECD, UNIDO, EU, UNCTAD, ILO, UNDP, UNESCO, Swedish organizations such as the Ministry of Industries, NUTEK, and VINNOVA and firms such as Astra-Zeneca, SAAB Aerospace, and Volvo Trucks.
  4. I was, during 2011-2012, a Member of The Research Policy Advisory Committee to the Swedish Government (Forskningsberedningen), chaired by Jan Björklund, Minister for Education and Deputy Prime Minister. I have also recently been working on three different evaluation projects with Sweco Eurofutures, a large private consultancy firm in Stockholm.
  5. At present, I am working mainly as a researcher and as an advisor to governments, public organizations and firms on issues related to innovation policy and strategy in a wide sense. One example is the Rausing Project on Innovation Processes and Innovation Policies, which addresses theoretical, empirical and policy-oriented aspects of innovation processes in innovation systems. It analyses the determinants (‘ten activities’, including entrepreneurship and demand-side instruments such as innovation procurement) and consequences (growth, employment, environmental and social effects) of innovations, as well as their measurement (innovation indicators). Focus is on the foundations of innovation policies, i.e. theory, rationales, objectives, policy instruments and practices. I am also, from 2015, a member of the Swedish National Innovation Council (NIC, Nationella innovationsrådet) which is chaired by the Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven. The NIC consists of ten external members and five government ministers.
Tidigare projekt:
  1. During the spring 2003, The Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA) announced a call for the establishment of centres of excellence in innovation studies. Six professors formed a consortium and submitted a proposal to VINNOVA entitled The Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE). In the international evaluation CIRCLE was ranked first. CIRCLE was established on July 1st, 2004 as a multidisciplinary research centre at Lund University, founded by departments within the Lund Institute of Technology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University School of Economics and Management (all at Lund University) and the Centre for Territorial Development Planning at Blekinge Institute of Technology. I was appointed to be the first Director of CIRCLE. In June 2004 twelve new positions as associate professor, post-doc (forskarassistent) and PhD student were announced. By January 2005 all these positions had been filled.
  2. On February 1 2003, I was the first employee at the Division of Innovation, the Department of Design Sciences, Lund Institute of Technology when I took up the Ruben Rausing Chair in Innovation. I designed and started a Ph.D. programme in innovation studies and employed colleagues to help running it. During the spring and summer of that year, two associate professors (Leif Hommen and Annika Rickne), 7 PhD students, two post-docs and one secretary were employed. This means that after six months the Division of Innovation was up and running with 13 employees and an operating Ph.D programme. In September 2003 the Division of Innovation also started undergraduate teaching at the programme of Technology Management, which is run jointly by the Lund Institute of Technology and the Lund University School of Economics and Management. In 2005 several additional undergraduate courses in the fields of innovation and entrepreneurship were started to be offered by the Division of Innovation to students at the Lund Institute of Technology.
  3. I have also, during 1998-2001, co-ordinated a research project entitled The East Gothia Regional System of Innovation Study. It investigated the innovation processes in the region of East Gothia (Östergötland in Sweden) and included a survey sent to all manufacturing firms in Östergötland. The survey was focussed upon collaboration patterns between firms and other organisations in processes of product innovation. The project also included studies of patenting activities, of the financing of innovations, and a bibliometric study of scientific publishing in the region. As well, it investigated diversification processes and the establishment of new firms as processes of structural
    change in the direction of more high-tech production activities.
  4. I have participated in another two EU-funded research projects, where I was co-ordinating the activities of SIRP together with Leif Hommen. They were entitled: Sectoral systems of Innovation in Europe: Innovation, Competitiveness and Growth (ESSY), (co-ordinated by Professor Franco Malerba, Milan), and Assessing the Impact of Technology and Globalization: The Effects on Growth and Employment (AITEG), (co-ordinated by Mario Pianta, Rome and Urbino).
  5. In April 1995 I took the initiative to forming a European research project entitled Innovation Systems and European Integration (ISE). It involved research groups in nine countries and included about 35 researchers. An application was submitted to the Targeted Socio-Economic Research (TSER) Programme of the European Commission (DGXII) in June 1995. Almost 1 million EURO was granted to the project, which formally started in April 1996 and which I was subsequently responsible for co-ordinating. Five workshops were held within ISE and the project was completed in April 1998. The result of the project was published on a CD-ROM, which includes 33 Research Reports (Edquist and Texier 1998 – se section 5.1). Later on the project has also resulted in a large number of articles and several books. Among these are „The ISE Final Report‟ which summarises the scientific findings and „The ISE Policy Statement‟ which draws out the public policy and firm strategy implications of the project as a whole.
Publicerat, tidskrifter/konferensbidrag:
  • (2015)(Jon Mikel Zabala-Iturriagagoitia): "Pre-commercial procurement: A demand or supply policy instrument in relation to innovation?." R & D Management, Vol 45, No 2.
  • (2014): "Striving towards a Holistic Innovation Policy in European countries – But linearity still prevails!" STI Policy Review, Vol 5, No 2, s 1-19.
  • (2014)(Susana Borrás): "Education, training and skills in innovation policy." Science and Public Policy (forthcoming). doi: 10.1093/scipol/scu043
  • (2013)(Susana Borrás): "The choice of innovation policy instruments." Technological forecasting and Social Change, Vol 80, No 8, s 1513-1522.
  • (2013)(Susana Borrás): "Competence building: A systemic approach to innovation policy." Atlanta Conference of Science and Innovation Policy, Georgia, USA, 26-28 September 2013.
Publicerat, böcker/rapporter:
  • (2015)(Vonortas, N. S., Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. M., & Edler, J. ): Public Procurement for Innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 304 pp.
  • (2015)(Susana Borrás): Innovation Policy for Knowledge Production and R&D: The Investment Portfolio Approach. In Crespi, R., and Quatraro, F. (Eds.), The economics of knowledge, innovation and systemic technology policy. London, UK: Routledge (forthcoming).
  • (2014): Offentlig upphandling och innovation (Public Procurement and Innovation, written in Swedish) – Rapport för Konkurrensverket (The Swedish Competition Authority)
  • (2014): En helhetlig innovationspolitik – varför, vad och hur? (A holistic innovation policy – why, what and how? – in Swedish). In Wagner, M. O. (Ed.), Position Sverige – Om innovation, hållbarhet och arbetsmarknad – en debattantologi (Position Sweden – On innovation, sustainability and labour market – A debate anthology – in Swedish) (pp. 59-80). Stockholm, Sweden: Ekerlids Förklad.
  • (2012)(Gabrielsson, J.): Den nationella svenska rapporten: Akademiker och tillväxt I Sverige, in The role of academics as entrepreneurs. Oslo: Nordic Innovation Publication 2012:07.

Nyckelord:
Innovation. Innovationspolitik. Upphandling. Innovationssystem. Företagsekonomi. Entreprenörskap. Ekonomisk utveckling. Ekonomisk geografi. Ekonomisk historia. EU.

 
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